The Water Cycle

Greetings, Blessed Heart.

Today, we will learn about the Water Cycle.


The Water Cycle

A cycle is a set of steps that repeat over and over.

When you get to the last step in a cycle, you go back to the beginning and repeat the same steps all over again.


Water is ancient, and all of the water on Earth has been here since the beginning. It’s always the same water circulating in the water cycle.

The planet Earth is known as the Blue planet because around 3/4 of the planet’s surface is water.

And did you know that our bodies are made up of about 75% of water!

Water is very important because, without it, there would be no life. That’s why it’s so important to maintain our rivers and oceans clean.

3/4 of the planet’s surface is water

The water cycle has 4 processes:

  • Evaporation

  • Condensation

  • Precipitation

  • Collection

And the Water exists in 3 Stages:

  • Liquid

  • Gas

  • Solid


Water Cycle Evaporation

When the sun warms the Earth’s surface, the water evaporates.

The water that was in a liquid form turns into an invisible gas called water vapor or steam. 

This process of changing the water from a liquid state into a gas is called evaporation.

Gas is lighter than liquids that’s why the water vapor rises up into the sky. 

Then, when the water vapor reaches the sky, it turns into tiny droplets of water.

The Gas Stage

Ask an adult to boil some water.

As the water boils, you’ll be able to see the water vapor rising up in the air. This is water in the gas stage.

This process is called evaporation.


water vapor steam gas vapour


Water Cycle Condensation

This second process of the water cycle is called condensation.

As the water vapor cools, it changes back into tiny little droplets. This water suspended in the air starts forming clouds.

This process is called condensation.

The Liquid Stage

Ask an adult to hold a cold lid over a vessel with boiled water for a couple of minutes, then ask them to lift the lid and you’ll be able to see water droplets on the lid.

That’s what condensation is!



Water Cycle Precipitation

As the clouds grow bigger, they collect more water. When there’s a lot of water in a cloud, the cloud starts to get darker. And as the clouds get grayer, the water in them gets heavier.

When the clouds cannot hold more water droplets, they fall back to the earth in the form of rain, hail, or snow, depending on the temperature.

This stage of the water cycle is called precipitation.

The Solid Stage

Ask an adult to help you put some water in the freezer.

When the water turns into a block of ice, you have the solid stage!

That’s what hail and snow are. Water in the solid stage.

Water solid stage snow



Sometimes, snow directly turns into water vapor without melting into water.

That’s called sublimation, and it happens a lot in cold countries.


Water Cycle Collection

When the process of precipitation occurs, some of the water that falls on the earth seeps into the ground.

This creates groundwater flow.

The remaining water falls back into oceans, lakes, rivers, and seas.

This process is called collection.

Water is always in constant movement. This water movement is called the Water Cycle. And it’s a continuous process of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.


Water in the permaculture principles

Did you know that even plants sweat?

That’s called transpiration.

That’s why it rains more in places with more trees, like hill stations and forests.

Trees are very important in the process of water collection because their roots help stabilize the ground to store water, while the shade they create helps to slow down the process of water evaporation.

If the soil is too dry and the rain is too heavy, it can cause much damage because the soil will not be able to absorb the water.

Swales, Ponds, and Spillways

 A swale is a water harvesting ditch designed to prevent erosion and store water in the ground. They are created to harvest the water, direct its flow, and store it in a controllable way using the Gravity Law.

Swales are designed to harvest water passively. As it rains, the water starts infiltrating the soil to hydrate it.

When the soil gets too saturated, the groundwater starts moving and will come back up to the surface as a spring.

Or we can create multiple swales, so when one is saturated, the water can move into the next one. That way, we can always control the course of the water without fearing the damage that heavy rains can cause.

Swales prevent water from picking up speed and damaging the topsoil.

The main purpose behind the Swale system is to grow trees. As we already know, they’re important in the collection process.

We can plant all kinds of trees to feed ourselves and the wildlife.

We can also create ponds and direct the water from the swale to the pond to hold more water.

Ponds increase plant growth, which leads to increased water availability for us and also for the wildlife.

Spillways are passageways to control how much water we want in one place. We create a spillway, so the excess water is gently directed to another place.

This way, we prevent damage and floods.

When we work with nature, we don’t even have to do much. When we implement these systems that are harmonized with the land, we are helping ourselves and nature as well.

Once we implement a water harvest and collection system, then we can leave it up to nature to do the rest of the work.

Gray Water

After we take a shower or wash the dishes, that water is no longer clean so it’s called gray water.

Because it’s very important to take care of the planet, we want to treat the water. For that, we can use plants that remove the minor toxins in the water.

If we use organic products, we don’t have to worry about causing harm to those plants. They do a fantastic job cleaning that used water that can then water more plants.


After using the toilet, that water is called blackwater because it contains bacteria. That water can also be treated, but there is an even better alternative that doesn’t waste water and after a while can be returned to the Earth.

That’s compost toilets!

A compost toilet doesn’t use any water. Natural materials like sawdust or coffee chaff to create a layer every time we use the toilet will not only cover up our human waste but will also absorb moisture and neutralize the odors.

If we don’t have any of those materials, we can just buy compost and add it as the cover-up layer.

We then need to wait for it to decompose, so we can return it to Earth. That way, we don’t need to be concerned with soil contamination. 

Did You Know Dragonfly 2

That stagnant water will attract mosquitos?
Yes, and those are pests. But with the permaculture principles, we don’t have to use chemicals to get rid of pests.
What we do is introduce the pest predator, and once again, nature will take care of everything for us.

In this case, when we have large bodies of water, we can have fish.
Fish will eat the mosquito larvae in the water.

Dragonflies! Yes, dragonflies catch them in the air. They eat a lot, so they are really good at pest control.

Frogs. With their long tongues, they will also help to keep the environment free from pests.

Some bats and some birds also eat those.

The Spirit of the Water

Without water, there is no life. That’s why it’s so important to give thanks for the water.

The water on planet Earth is ancient. When we look at the cycle of the water, we can see that the same water that we are using today was already used by our ancestors.

Masaru Emoto was a Japanese man that studied how the water stores information and how it’s affected by our words and intentions.

He had many experiences with the water by speaking different words to the water, then he froze the water and took pictures with a microscope to show the world that words have frequencies that can be good or bad.

His work shows that when we send prayers and intentions to the water, we change its molecular information. 

Words have frequency

Now, remember, our bodies are made up of about 75% of water. Can you imagine all the information that our bodies store?

Water for Peace – “By holding the intention of peace towards water, by thinking, speaking, and acting with the intentions of peace towards water, water can and will bring peace to our bodies and to the world.” – Masaru Emoto

You can try it for yourself.

Wrap your hands around a glass of water and hold good thoughts. Speak to the water with loving words.

Then drink the water.

If your prayers come from the heart, and you keep repeating this practice, you will see the results in your physical body and life. 

This is my prayer to the water. You can use it or you can come up with your own prayer.

Prayer of Gratitude to the Spirit of the Water

Thank you, Sacred Water, for always offering yourself to me for free and in abundance.
Thank you, Sacred Water, for watering the land and giving way to beautiful sunny days.
Thank you, Sacred Water, for nourishing my cells and cleaning my body.
Thank you, Sacred Water, for teaching us to flow in the rhythm of change by washing away all that no longer serves and help us find peace and stillness in the present moment, knowing that in stillness, we find the clarity to know what to do next.


Time to have more fun!

Have fun coloring this page and practicing what you’ve learned by adding the correct processes on the blank rectangles.

And this one too, with different forms of water